Pay Ratio Disclosure
Law and Proposed Regulations:
2018.08.01 . Survey Data! This ClearBridge 100 Report provides detailed findings about reported CEO pay ratios, as well as practices involving the definition of employee populations and the "pay" used to identify median employees.
2017.03.23 SEC Pay Ratio Comment Letter – American Benefits Council. On March 23rd, the American Benefits Council submitted a comment letter to the SEC in order (1) to reiterate general opposition to the Dodd-Frank Act’s pay ratio disclosure rule; (2) to encourage the SEC to delay the effective date of its pay ratio disclosure rule; and (3) to propose cost-saving alternatives. In the latter respect, the Council’s suggestions include allowing issuers to use base pay alone when identifying their median-paid employees, and allowing the exclusion -- when making that determination – of independent contractors, part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees, and employees working outside the U.S.
2016.04.10 Four Sample Proxy Statement Disclosures of Pay Ratio. See this blog.
2016.02.16 NorthWestern Corp's Two CEO Pay Ratio Disclosures -- 19:1 vs 26:1. This preliminary proxy statement provides comparative disclosure of the CEO pay ratio according to the issuer's formula (26:1) and an application of Dodd-Frank rules (19:1), with the Dodd-Frank ratio being smaller due predominantly to the inclusion of employer-provided benefits in the compensation of the median employee. That "add-in" occurred under the line item "All Other Compensation" which the Summary Comp Table defines as follows:
2015.June.13 CEO Pay Ratio - Impact Surveyed. This Harvard Law Blog describes, and includes a link to, an academic study whose findings are summarized in the blog as follows:
"We find that [say on pay] voting dissent is greatest at both the lowest and highest levels of the ratio, consistent with information on pay disparity influencing voting behavior. Increased voting dissent at the highest levels of the ratio aligns with arguments that disclosure of the ratio may serve as a catalyst to reign in what investors believe to be excessive CEO compensation. However, it is interesting to note that dissent is also high for banks with the lowest levels of the pay ratio, which could be consistent with the view that some level of pay disparity is necessary to provide appropriate incentives for effort within organizations.
"We further examine whether the ratios are predictive of future firm performance and risk to see if investors voting behavior is consistent with underlying firm outcomes. Our findings reveal a similar non-linear relationship where the highest and lowest pay ratios result in the lowest (highest) performance (risk). The economic magnitudes of these effects, however, are relatively small. Thus in the end, it appears that the pay ratio provides significant information concerning shareholder voting behavior, but only limited information about actual economic outcomes."
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